Most women do not experience any kind of complication while using the ParaGard IUD as the method of contraception. However, any problem occurred, you are to visit your doctor immediately, in order to avoid further complications.
• Perforation. ParaGard, as well as Mirena can be pushed through the uterus wall in the process of insertion. As a rule, your doctor will see it right away, but if he has not noticed the perforation, the IUD can move further into other parts of the pelvic area, and it may cause damage to the internal organs. In this case, ParaGard gets removed by a surgical way.
• Infection. There is the risk, though it is extremely small, of pelvic inflammatory disease during the first twenty days after ParaGard was inserted. Bacteria, which may get into the uterus during the inserting process, can possibly cause the pelvic infection. Actually, pelvic inflammatory disease is a kind of sexually transmitted infections, so, you have a higher risk to obtain it, if your partner has sex with other partners. Most infections develop during first three weeks after the insertion of ParaGard. Any infection, which occurred after this time, most like to happen because of the exposure to the sexually transmitted diseases during sexual contact.
• Expulsion. ParaGard can slip out of the uterus partially or even completely. Younger women have a higher risk of it to happen, or ParaGard may also get slipped out during the first several months after insertion (though it may also occur later). A woman may get pregnant, in case if it gets off from its place, so, it is better to use some additional birth – control method, like condom, etc. after you feel ParaGard slipped off, you are to call your doctor immediately, as it is to be removed. You should better check your pads and tampons during your menstrual period to be sure that ParaGard has not slipped out of the uterus.
The Categories of Women, Who May Use the ParaGard IUD
According to Duramed Pharmaceuticals, the manufacturer of the ParaGard IUD, this kind of the method of contraception is approved by the FDA, and women can use it throughout their reproductive lives: beginning from the age of 16, and up to menopause.
The Categories of Women, Who Should Not Use the ParaGard IUD
The using of the ParaGard IUD is not recommended for women, who:
• Have or may have one of the sexually transmitted diseases;
• Have any kind of untreated pelvic infection;
• Have an uterus of abnormal size or shape;
• Have ever been suffering from any pelvic inflammatory disease;
• May be pregnant;
• Are using any other kind of IUD already;
• Have suffered from a pelvic inflammatory infection during the last three months, which was the result of either a baby delivering, or an abortion;
• May have cancer of the cervix of the uterus;
• Get easily different kinds of infections,;
• Have problems with the immune system: leukemia, AIDS, etc;
• Abuse intravenous drugs;
• Have occasionally bleeding from the uterus, which is unexplained;
• Suffer from Wilson’s Disease;
• Have more than one sexual partner, or whose sexual partner has more than one sexual partner;
• Are or may be allergic to copper;
• Have experienced or are at the risk of having an ectopic pregnancy;
• Have a changing the shape of the uterus health condition, like large fibroid, or tumor, etc.
Increased Risk Factors, Which Are Associated With the ParaGard IUD
There exist some certain kinds of health conditions, which may increase the chance of serious complications developing, if any kind of IUD is used. These conditions are the following:
• Ovarian cancer;
• Necessity to take a corticosteroid containing medications every day;
• The extremely forward or backward pelvic position of the uterus;
• Having any kind of pelvic inflammatory disease during the past 12 months;
• Having a history of tubal infection (though this is not spread for the category of women, who had pregnancy after the infection had been cured);
• Suffering from diatetes or anemia;
• Suffering from more than two sexually transmitted diseases within the past two years;
• Necessity to take blood clots preventing medicines;
• Having a history of impaired fertility, and a wish to get pregnant in the future;
• Suffering from any kind of uncontrolled vaginal or cervical infection.